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立陶宛十字架雕刻

In Lithuania, making crosses is a popular cultural tradition throughout the country. It includes not only the making crosses and altars but also sanctification ceremonies of crosses and other related rituals. The crosses carved from oak wood are associated with Catholic rites and have close relationship with ancient festival activities like the celebration of harvests. All these activities form a 400-year-old culture which roots in the pagan traditions before Christianity. As long as a cross is sanctified by a pastor, it will be endowed with inalienable sacred significance.

In the 19th century, Lithuania merged into the Russia Empire (Eastern Orthodoxy). During this time and the later governance of the Soviet Union, crosses have become unique symbols of the Lithuanian nation and its religion. The heights of crosses range from 1 meter to 5 meters, which are often decorated with rootlets, flowers, geometric figures or statues. They are usually placed at roadsides, village’s entrances, graveyards and sides of monuments. Crosses with the statues of Mother of God and other icons always bring comfort to people in misery. Offerings to them are not only foods, roses and money, but also colorful scarves (in wedding) and aprons (symbolizing flourishing population). Crosses are also sites for important meetings in villages and tokens of community solidarity.

在立陶宛,制作十字架是一种风行全国的文化传统。(剩余360字)

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